Reptile & Amphibian Refuge Center



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The 40 watt bulb - By Greg Sabin


A soon to become extinct, very useful device, will be banned by the ill conceived Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.

The usefulness of this bulb is greatly underestimated by many people, and is just 1 example of why they should not tinker with banning things they do not understand.

In running the Reptile and Amphibian Refuge Center I have to operate with little to no donations due to the general publics lack of social responsibility.

They go out and purchase pets for children then want to find them a new home putting the burden of supporting these pets on people like myself.

So let us now look at why banning this bulb will in fact cost more electricity then it will save.


I have been preforming real world non laboratory testing and experiments on how to create the proper environment for unwanted and abused pet Lizards, Snakes and Turtles.

Many lizards require up to a 115 degree [ F ] Basking spot, with snakes and turtles falling to lower temperatures.

I have found that I can get 115 degrees plus out of a simple 40 watt standard incandescent bulb, when combined with the proper heat radiator [ a simple inexpensive clamp light fixture ] under the proper conditions, is more efficient.


In talking to Professors, Companies in the pet, hardware and lighting industry and people in the governments energy conservation commission, I have found they have no ideas for a proper replacement that will not use more electricity.


40 appliance bulbs do not have the correct focal point or glass bulb diameter to generate the required heat output.

Specialty pet bulbs start at 60 watts and can cost up to $10 verses a 40 watt standard bulb at $0.75.

Ceramic infrared heat emitters are rated at 50 watts,  do not produce light requiring that a additional light be used and do not have the correct focal point and may their for may not produce the heat required.

The turtle rescue league uses 53 watt bulbs but again that is greater then 40 watts and may or may not be able to produce the required heat for other animals.

Normally if you go to a hardware or pet store and tell them your looking to make a 110 degree basking spot for a pet lizard, they are going to show you 75 to 120 watt bulbs.

Now with large lizards such as savanna monitors and iguanas you do need a higher wattage bulb.

How ever for smaller animals including but not limited to bearded and water dragons, all skinks, plated lizards, turtles and snakes a 40 watt bulb can be used.

1 professor even suggested using rough duty 60 watt bulbs [ not banned by the act] with a Staco Variable Autotransformer. How ever that transformer does not decrease wattage but in fact voltage.

His suggestion was to use it to turn down a higher wattage bulb to 40 watts, but even he said that would change the ' wave ' of the bulbs output and changing this would cause the bulb to possibly not work properly with the heat radiator and may cause bulbs to not work consistently from bulb to bulb.


This being the case, the banning of this bulb will require the use of higher wattage bulbs that will in fact use more electricity not less.

Plated Lizard Care Sheet


The Plated Lizard orginates from the Sudan and surrounding savannah areas. These lizards have plated type scales all over their body, hence its common name. They can ascertain a length of 20 to 24 inches and can live over 20 years. It is essential, due to their long lifespan, that a potential owner weighs up whether they can provide for this animal in the long term. With careful handling as a baby, the Plated Lizard becomes a very tame pet.


Due to their large adult size, the Plated Lizard requires a suitably large enclosure. A minimum of a 48"(L) x 24" x 24" Wooden Vivarium is recommended. A Glass Terrarium is not recommended because although the correct temperature (86-88°f) can be established in a glass enclosure, it is much more easily achieved in a wooden vivarium as they hold heat better. These tough lizards should be provided with a savannah enclosure with a deep substrate as they like to dig. Plenty of hiding areas such asa hollow cork tubes and a larage heavy water dish, so if they wish, they can soak themselves to cool down.


UVB lighting is essential for this species and they require a 5% tube. Lighting should be provided for 10-12 hours and tubes should be replaced every 6 months. We recommend the linear tube lighting, such as the Exo Terra Repti Glo lights.

Temperature and Humidity

Like most savannah and desert reptiles, the Plated Lizard requires a high temperature during the day and a much cooler one during the night. This replicates the normal temperature changes in these regions. During the day the temperature should be 82-95°f and during the night 65-69°f. The basking spot area should be up to 113°f. This temperature is rarely achieved using conventional infrared heat lamps, and therefore a Ceramic Heat Emitter and Pulse Thermostat are recommended. Atmospheric humidity should be maintained between 50-60%.


Plated Lizards require a diet of crickets and hoppers, but their these should also be supplemented with fruit and vegetables as well as vitamin and calcium supplements. Feed adults every other day, but babies should always have food available. The occasional pinky mouse as an adult may be accepted, but this is not a rule of thumb.

services we provide are :


1] reptile and amphibian Rescue

2] long term & permanent housing

3] adoption

4] pet sitting

October 21, 2011

Ohio’s Response Lacks Teeth: More Work Ahead on Exotic Animals

Ohio Gov. John Kasich transmitted disappointing news to the animal protection community today, in the wake of the tragedy this week in Zanesville. He announced an emergency order on the exotics issue at a press conference at his office, but its provisions are inadequate. The executive order largely restates current authority for the state’s executive agencies and sidesteps the central problems created by the exotic animal trade in Ohio.

Samson, a rescued African lion
Christine Jensen
Rescued from the exotic pet trade, Samson the
lion lives at our Fund for Animals Wildlife Center.

The Humane Society of the United States agrees with him that the legislature should enact a statute that addresses the problem, but in the interim, we need an executive order that bans the sale and acquisition of dangerous wild animals as pets or roadside attractions. Our legal analysis demonstrates it’s clearly within his authority to take more comprehensive action as a bridge to protect people and animals until the legislature acts.

We also had a concern about tone struck by the governor and the other speakers. Neither the governor nor any other speaker at the press conference made a definitive statement that no private citizen should keep big cats, bears, or primates as pets or as roadside attractions. No one said it’s too dangerous for the community, it’s inhumane for the animals, or it’s too costly for the state to regulate.

So not only is the emergency order too weak, but the prospects for a sound recommendation from the governor’s task force on the issue are not bright. Of the seven non-governmental organizations represented on the task force, two are exotic animal industry groups. One member, Polly Britton of the Ohio Association of Animal Owners (OAAO), is a notorious mouthpiece for the exotics industry and also has opposed just about every bit of animal welfare legislation in the state, including stronger anti-cockfighting and anti-puppy mill bills. The OAAO represents the exotic animal owners in the state, including one of the largest animal auctions in the nation, in Mount Hope, Ohio. There is also a representative from the deceptively named Zoological Association of America (not to be confused with the respected Association of Zoos and Aquariums), which accredits poorly run roadside zoos, sanctions public contact with dangerous animals, and was created “ to protect and defend the right to own animals.”

The public is outraged by the deficiencies in Ohio law and the deaths of so many innocent animals. They want political leaders to step up and turn this situation around. Sadly, the action announced today will barely move the needle. More work for us lies ahead.
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